MySql数据查重、去重的实现

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假设有一个表user,字段分别有id–nick_name–password–email–phone,分情况如下(注意删除多余记录时要创建临时表,不然会报错):

一、单字段(nick_name)

1、查出所有有重复记录的所有记录


select * from user where nick_name in
     (select nick_name from user group by nick_name having count(nick_name)>1);

2、查出有重复记录的各个记录组中id最大的记录

select * from user where id in (select max(id) from user group by nick_name having count(nick_name)>1);

3、查出多余的记录,不查出id最小的记录

select * from user where nick_name in

     (select nick_name from user group by nick_name having count(nick_name)>1)

and id not in 

     (select min(id) from user group by nick_name having count(nick_name)>1);

4、删除多余的重复记录,只保留id最小的记录

delete from user where nick_name in
     (select nick_name from

          (select nick_name from user group by nick_name having count(nick_name)>1) as tmp1)

and id not in 

      (select id from 

          (select min(id) from user group by nick_name having count(nick_name)>1) as tmp2);

二、多字段(nick_name,password)

1、查出所有有重复记录的记录

select * from user where (nick_name,password) in

     (select nick_name,password from user group by nick_name,password where having count(nick_name)>1);

2、查出有重复记录的各个记录组中id最大的记录

select * from user where id in

     (select max(id) from user group by nick_name,password where having count(nick_name)>1);

3、查出各个重复记录组中多余的记录数据,不查出id最小的一条

select * from user where (nick_name,password) in

     (select nick_name,password from user group by nick_name,password having count(nick_name)>1)

and id not in

     (select min(id) from user group by nick_name,password having count(nick_name)>1);

4、删除多余的重复记录,只保留id最小的记录

delete from user where (nick_name,password) in

     (select nick_name,password from

          (select nick_name,password from user group by nick_name,password having count(nick_name)>1) as tmp1)

and id not in

     (select id from

          (select min(id) id from user group by nick_name,password having count(nick_name)>1) as tmp2);

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